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On-line Lidocaine and Prilocaine Skin Patch

Brand Name(s): EMLA Skin Patch

Generic Name Lidocaine and Prilocaine Skin Patch

What is lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch?

LIDOCAINE; PRILOCAINE (EMLA®) is a topical anesthetic that causes loss of feeling in the skin and surrounding tissues. It is used to 'numb' the skin before procedures or injections (like blood draws). Generic lidocaine; prilocaine skin patches are not available.

What should my health care professional know before I use lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • glucose-6-phosphate deficiencies
  • heart disease
  • liver disease or hepatitis
  • methemoglobinemia
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to lidocaine, prilocaine, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch is for external use only on the skin. Your prescriber may have you apply EMLA® at home prior to a procedure or injection. Do not take by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. Do not use more or leave in contact with the skin longer than directed. Avoid contact with the eye.

Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

Usually lidocaine; prilocaine is applied only once prior to each procedure as directed. EMLA® must be in contact with the skin for a period of time for it to work. If you applied EMLA® later than directed, make sure to tell your health care professional prior to beginning the procedure.

What drug(s) may interact with lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch?

  • medicines to control heart rhythm

Tell your prescriber or other health care professional about all other medicines you are taking including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also, tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check before stopping or starting any of your medications.

What side effects may I notice from receiving lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch?

Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • blurred vision
  • chest pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • skin rash or itching
  • swelling of your throat, lips, or face
  • trembling

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • changes in ability to feel hot or cold
  • redness and swelling at the application site

What should I watch for while taking lidocaine; prilocaine skin patch?

It takes time for EMLA® to work, so if the patch is accidentally placed on another skin area other than the one to be treated, just remove and wipe the skin with a clean cloth.

Be careful to avoid injury to the treated area while it is numb and you are not aware of pain. Avoid scratching, rubbing, or exposing the treated area to hot or cold temperatures until complete sensation has returned. The 'numb' feeling will wear off a few hours after applying EMLA®.

Keep the patch away from your eyes. It can cause irritation and blurred or temporary loss of vision. If EMLA® comes in contact with your child's eyes, immediately rinse the eye with water. Do not touch or rub the eye. Contact your health care provider right away.

When applying to young children, make sure the child does not remove the patch or put it in his or her mouth. Accidental ingestion may be harmful, so contact your local poison center right away if this occurs.

Where can I keep my medicine?

Keep out of reach of children. Store at room temperature; do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Used discs (skin patches) should be folded together before throwing away so that the adhesive edges are together to prevent accidental exposure. Keep pets and children away from the trash to keep them from playing with or eating the medication discs.


(Note: The above information is not intended to replace the advice of your physician, pharmacist, or other healthcare professional. It is not meant to indicate that the use of the product is safe, appropriate, or effective for you.)

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